CBD stands for Cannabidiol – a therapeutic component of Medicinal Hemp. THC stands for Tetrahydrocannabinol which is the psychoactive component of Marijuana. CBD and THC are called cannabinoids and they are the most active compounds in Cannabis.

  1. Cannabis is a plant family that includes many species, including both hemp and marijuana.
  2. Hemp is recognized today in two forms: 1. A variety of cannabis grown for its tall, sturdy stalks and low THC levels and 2. Medicinal Hemp with gives us CBD products.
  3. Marijuana is a variety of cannabis grown for its high levels of THC.

Marijuana and Medicinal Hemp look identical since the former was hybridized to create the latter. Marijuana has high THC levels and low CBD levels. Medicinal Hemp has high CBD levels and <0.3% THC. Medicinal Hemp will NOT give you a high. The use of CBD really exploded in America after the story of Charlotte Figi’s miraculous experiences with CBD became public in 2013. Not only did her seizures stop but this marked a New Age in the USA where a great respect for the medicinal properties of CBD began growing. Our bodies were created with an Endocannabinoid System [ECS] made up of Two Receptors: CB1 and CB2. This is not being taught in more than 85% of American Medical Schools. Cannabis is good medicine because Phytocannabinoids [like CBD] activate receptors in the ECS. The Endocannabinoid System [ECS] is involved with:

  1. Regulating appetite, sleep, pain, mood, memory, our immune system and more.
  2. It’s primary function is to promote homeostasis.
  3. When CBD [or THC] enters the body, it activates the Endocannabinoid System.

CB1 receptors are more abundant in the brain but also found in the adrenals, adipose tissue, the heart, liver, lungs, sex organs, bone marrow, thymus and tonsils. At the same time these receptors are weak in the part of the brain stem that controls respiration making the use of CBD [for pain] much more appealing than opioids.

CB2 receptors are found throughout the immune system, but also in bone, the GI tract and in cells called activated microglia which are immune cells that mediate the inflammatory response in the Central Nervous System.

Having CB2 receptors in activated microglia might help block pain when the nervous system is inflamed. This is where CBD might be helpful for neuropathy, Parkinson symtoms, Multiple Sclerosis patients and even those with Alzheimers.

People are using CBD for things like: Sleep, Pain Relief, Inflammation, Autism, ADHD, Metabolic Diseases, Stress and Anxiety, PTSD, Seizures, Muscle Spasms and Neurodegenerative Diseases.

Suggested Reading:

1. CBD: A Patient’s Guide to Medical Cannabis – Healing Without the High by Leonard Leinow and Juliana Birnbaum.
2. Cannabis Revealed: How the world’s most misunderstood plant is healing everything from chronic pain to epilepsy by Bonnie Goldstein MD.